We see the Five Pointed Star all around us. Pentagram stars hold the symbolism of quality. Used in logos, flags, school merits and excellence ratings the pentagonal symmetry on which a five pointed star is based holds a special place in us all.
Five Pointed Star in Nature
So lets look at the five pointed star, sometimes called the Pentagram, that we find in nature. As with all our shape hunting exercises sometimes it takes a while to tune into what to look for. To some, it feels like arrows point out these stars to us loud and proud while for others we see the flower and the 5 petals but need time to identify the star within.
loved by children and adults alike the apple star always amazes. It is the number of petals that often denote the seed formation, many fruit bushes/ trees have five petalled flowers. (new variants of species often deviate from this)
One of the most important geometric features of the five pointed star is it’s ability to regenerate itself and create pentagram after pentagram inside one another. Simply draw lines joining all 5 points and a pentagon (5 sided shape) appears in the centre, join these five points and another pentagram appears. you can keep going forever drawing stars within each other.
Every 8 years the positions of Venus, Earth and the Sun all full into a straight line. Mark each of these lines and they create a wonderful pentagonal flower pattern in the solar system that redraws itself again and again. This flower scribes the five points of a star.
In many flowers an ever present pentagon displays the pentagram star at its centre.
History of the Pentagram star
It has been the same in history also. The star is greatly used in christian symbolism and was often worn as an emblem to ward off evil during the middle ages. All the way back to the rennaisance pythagorus school the pentagram was used as their symbol of recognition because of its significance to the eternal regenerative powers of nature. This flag of life expresses itself in so many living forms and creatures all around us.
Spirit, Philosophy and Geometry
The five pointed star at the base of a blueberry holds significance to some Native Americans that the Great Spirit has sent ‘starberries’ to ease hunger.
In philosophy practised by the Greeks, it was seen that the Monad was One – a point. Dyad was Two points – the Line. Triad was a group of three – three points making a surface. And the Tetrad of four points – was the minimum amount of points needed to create volume and introduces 3 dimensions.
So it followed that the Pentad was the introduction of life itself – the next step. The pentad was visualized by a star or a pentagon.
Nature of Life
Also, the fifth of the 5 platonic solids being the ‘dodecahedron’ which has 12 pentagonal faces. In the past the dodecahedron has been associated with:
- the Pomegranate which represents the prolific nature of life ready to burst its seeds.
- the Cosmos. The Life that brings together all the platonic solids and the elements they represent.
5 stars for Nature!
You can eat that apple now!
If you find this as amazing as I do, Please share with 3 friends. The Smart Happy Project is about discovering and sharing these wonderful shapes in nature. Thank you.
Photos courtesy of Andrew Rees.